The ancient Egyptian believed in life after death. They preserved the bodies of the dead by mummification. Members of the royal family were kept in the pyramids which were actually grand graves made for the pharaohs. Scientists have found mummies in many pyramids. The Egyptian empire arose 5000 years ago when the pharaoh united the people in the south and north. The pyramids and the temple of Abu simbel, which have already been converted once, witness the highly advanced civilization of the Egyptian.